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CITATION GUIDE: Journal Article

This LibGuide is an attempt to demonstrate proper citations (bibliography and footnotes) for three different styles (MLA, APA, and SBL). For definitive works, please consult the physical manuals.

Books

The sequence of the information in a citation differs based on the preference of the style guide. APA, which is mostly used in sciences, places the date of publication as the second item. It does this to stress the importance of currency of information. In the humanities, the date is not usually as important and so the date is placed last in MLA and in SBL.

APA hint: if a quotation is used, then you must cite the page number within the citation. So a note would not be just the author's last name and the year, but would include a page number (or chapter, if appropriate).

(Talbert, 1992, p. 47) OR (Talbert, 1992, Chapter 6) - notice it is "p." for page and "Chapter" for chapter.

Journal Article (physical or scanned version)

MLA 8th edition

Works Cited Page

Leyerle, Blake. "John Chrysostom on the Gaze." Journal of Early Christian Studies, vol. 1, 1993, pp. 159-74.

Citations (in-text)

(Leyerle 163)

APA - 7.01

Reference Page

Leyerle, B. (1993). John Chrysostom on the Gaze. Journal of Early Christian Studies,1 , 159-74.

Citations (in-text)

(Leyerle, 1993)

SBL - 7.2.23

Reference Page

Leyerle, Blake. "John Chrysostom on the Gaze." Journal of Early Christian Studies 1 (1993): 159-74.

First Citation (footnote)

7 Blake Leyerle, "John Chrysostom on the Gaze," JECS (1993): 159-74.

Other Citations (footnote)

15 Leyerle, "John Chrysostom," 161.

Journal Article (from a database/online)

MLA 8th edition

Works Cited Page

Leyerle, Blake. "John Chrysostom on the Gaze." Journal of Early Christian Studies, vol. 1, 1993, pp. 159-74. web.b.ebscohost.com/ehost/detail/detail?vid=3&sid=79a9e547-0edc-4ff5-bd72-2913cae9d6c6%40sessionmgr103&hid=128&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d#AN= ATLA0000866017&db=rfh

Citations (in-text)

(Leyerle 163)

APA - always include doi or URL - 7.01

Reference Page

Leyerle, B. (1993). John Chrysostom on the Gaze. Journal of Early Christian Studies, 1, 159-74. doi:10.1353/earl.0.0116

Citations (in-text)

(Leyerle, 1993)

SBL - 7.3.13

Reference Page

Leyerle, Blake. "John Chrysostom on the Gaze." Journal of Early Christian Studies 1 (1993): 159-74. ATLA with ATLASerials (EBSCOhost).

First Citation (footnote)

7 Blake Leyerle, "John Chrysostom on the Gaze," JECS (1993): 159-74.

Other Citations (footnote)

15 Leyerle, "John Chrysostom," 161.

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