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CITATION GUIDE: Books

This LibGuide is an attempt to demonstrate proper citations (bibliography and footnotes) for three different styles (MLA, APA, and SBL). For definitive works, please consult the physical manuals.

Books

The sequence of the information in a citation differs based on the preference of the style guide. APA, which is mostly used in sciences, places the date of publication as the second item. It does this to stress the importance of currency of information. In the humanities, the date is not usually as important and so the date is placed last in MLA and in SBL.

APA hint: if a quotation is used, then you must cite the page number within the citation. So a note would not be just the author's last name and the year, but would include a page number (or chapter, if appropriate).

(Talbert, 1992, p. 47) OR (Talbert, 1992, Chapter 6) - notice it is "p." for page and "Chapter" for chapter.

Single Author

MLA 8th edition

Works Cited Page

Talbert, Charles H. Reading John: A Literary and Theological Commentary on the Fourth Gospel and the Johannine Epistles. Crossroads, 1992.

Citations (in-text)

(Talbert 127)

APA - see hint above, if a quotation is involved - 6.11

Reference Page

Talbert, C. H. (1992). Reading John: A literary and theological commentary on the fourth Gospel and the Johannine Epistles. New York: Crossroad.

Citations (in-text)

(Talbert, 1992)

SBL - 7.2.1

Reference Page

Talbert, Charles H. Reading John: A Literary and Theological Commentary on the Fourth Gospel and the Johannine Epistles. New York: Crossroad, 1992.

First Citation (footnote)

15 Charles H. Talbert, Reading John: A Literary and Theological Commentary on the Fourth Gospel and the Johannine Epistles (New York: Crossroad, 1992), 127.

Other Citations (footnote)

19 Talbert, Reading John, 22.

Multi-Author

MLA 8th edition

Works Cited Page

Robinson, James M. and Helmut Koester. Trajectories Through Early Christianity. Fortress Press, 1971.

Citations (in-text)

(Robinson and Koester 237)

APA - see hint above, if a quotation is involved - 6.12

Reference Page

Robinson, J. M., & Koester, H. (1971). Trajectories through early Christianity. Philadelphia: Fortress Press.

Citations (in-text)

(Robinson & Koester, 1971)

SBL - 7.2.2

Reference Page

Robinson, James M., and Helmut Koester. Trajectories through Early Christianity. Philadelphia: Fortress, 1971.

First Citation (footnote)

4 James M. Robinson and Helmut Koester, Trajectories through Early Christianity (Philadelphia: Fortress, 1971), 237.

Other Citations (footnote)

12 Robinson and Koester, Trajectories, 23.

Corporate Author or Anonymous

MLA 8th edition

Works Cited Page

National Research Council. Beyond Six Billion: forecasting the World's Population. Natl. Acad., 2000.

Citiation (in-text)

(Natl. Research Council 147)

APA - see hint above, if a quotation is involved - 6.13

Reference Page

National Research Council. (2000). Beyond six billion: Forecasting the world's population. Washington: Natl. Acad.

Citations (in-text)

(National Research Council, 2000)

SBL

Reference Page

Beyond Six Billion: forecasting the World's Population. Washington: National Academy, 2000.

First Citation (footnote)

23 Beyond Six Billion: forecasting the World's Population, (Washington: National Academy, 2000), 147.

Other Citations (footnote)

25 Beyond, 183.

Chapter or Work in Anthology

MLA 8th edition

Works Cited Page

Attridge, Harold A. "Jewish Historiography." Early Judaism and Its Modern Interpreters, edited by R. A. Kraft and G. W. E. Nickelsburg, Fortress Press, 1986, pp 311-43.

Citations (in-text)

(Attridge 311-43)

APA - see hint above, if a quotation is involved - 7.02

Reference Page

Attridge, H. A. (1986). Jewish historiography. In R. A. Kraft & G. W. E. Nickelsburg (Eds.), Early Judaism and its modern interpreters (311-343). Philadelphia: Fortress.

Citations (in-text)

(Attridge, 1986)

SBL - 7.2.12

Reference Page

Attridge, Harold A. “Jewish Historiography.” Pages 311–43 in Early Judaism and Its Modern Interpreters. Edited by R. A. Kraft and G. W. E. Nickelsburg. Philadelphia: Fortress, 1986.

First Citation (footnote)

3 Harold W. Attridge, “Jewish Historiography,” in Early Judaism and Its Modern Interpreters (ed. R. A. Kraft and G. W. E. Nickelsburg; Philadelphia: Fortress, 1986), 311–43.

Other Citations (footnote)

6 Attridge, “Jewish Historiography,” 314–17.

Author and Editor

MLA 8th edition

Works Cited page

Schillebeeckx, Edward. The Schillebeeckx Reader. edited by Robert J. Schreiter, T&T Clark, 1986.

Citations (in-text)

(Schillebeeckx 20)

APA - see hint above, in a quotation is involved

Reference Page

Schillebeeckx, E. (1986). The Schillebeeckx reader. R. J. Schreiter (Ed.). Edinburgh: T&T Clark.

Citations (in-text)

(Schillebeeckx, 1986)

SBL - 7.2.9

Reference Page

Schillebeeckx, Edward. The Schillebeeckx Reader. Edited by Robert J. Schreiter. Edinburgh: T&T Clark, 1986.

First Citation (footnote)

45 Edward Schillebeeckx, The Schillebeeckx Reader (ed. Robert J. Schreiter; Edinburgh: T&T Clark, 1986), 20.

Other Citations (footnote)

47 Schillebeeckx, Reader, 123.

Single Editor

MLA 8th edition

Works Cited page

Tigay, Jeffrey H., editor. Empirical Models for Biblical Criticism. University of Pennsylvania P, 1985.

Citations (in-text)

(Tigay 35)

APA - see hint above, if a quotation is involved - 6.27

Reference Page

Tigay, J. H. (Ed.). (1985). Empirical models for biblical criticism. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.

Citations (in-text)

(Empirical models, 1985)

SBL - 7.2.6

Reference Page

Tigay, Jeffrey H., ed. Empirical Models for Biblical Criticism. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1985.

First Citation (footnote)

5 Jeffrey H. Tigay, ed., Empirical Models for Biblical Criticism (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1985), 35.

Other Citations (footnote)

9 Tigay, Empirical Models, 38.

Multi-Editor

MLA 8th edition

Works Cited page

Nickelsburg, George W. E., and Robert A. Kraft, editors. Early Judaism and Its Modern Interpreters. Fortress Press, 1986.

Citations (in-text)

(Nickelsburg and Kraft xii)

APA - see hint above, if a quotation is involved - 6.27

Reference Page

Nickelsburg, G. W. E., & Kraft, R. A. (Eds.). (1986). Early Judaism and its modern interpreters. Philadelphia, PA: Fortress.

Citations (in-text)

(Early Judaism, 1986)

SBL - 7.2.7

Reference Page

Kraft, Robert A., and George W. E. Nickelsburg, eds. Early Judaism and Its Modern Interpreters. Philadelphia: Fortress, 1986.

First Citation (footnote)

44 Robert A. Kraft and George W. E. Nickelsburg, eds., Early Judaism and Its Modern Interpreters (Philadelphia: Fortress, 1986), xii.

Other Citations (footnote)

47 Kraft and Nickelsburg, Early Judaism, xii.

Introduction, Forward, Preface, or Afterword

MLA 8th edition

Works Cited page

Boers, Hendrickus. Introduction. How to Read the New Testament: An Introduction to Linguistic and Historical-Critical Methodology. By Wilhelm Egger, translated by P. Heinegg, Hendrickson, 1996, xi-xxi.

Citations (in-text)

(Boers xi-xxi)

APA - see hint above, if a quotation is involved - 7.02

Reference Page

Boers, H. (1996). Introduction. In W. Egger (Ed.), How to read the New Testament: An introduction to linguistic and historical-critical methodology (xi-xxi). (P. Heinegg, Trans.). Peabody, MA:Hendrickson.

Citations (in-text)

(Boers, 1996)

SBL - 7.2.14

Reference Page

Boers, Hendrikus. Introduction to How to Read the New Testament: An Introduction to Linguistic and Historical-Critical Methodology, by Wilhelm Egger. Translated by P. Heinegg. Peabody, Mass.: Hendrickson, 1996.

First Citation (footnote)

2 Hendrikus Boers, introduction to How to Read the New Testament: An Introduction to Linguistic and Historical-Critical Methodology, by Wilhelm Egger (trans. P. Heinegg; Peabody, Mass.: Hendrickson, 1996), xi–xxi.

Other Citations (footnote)

6 Boers, “Introduction,” xi–xx.

Author, Editor, and Translator

MLA 8th edition

Works Cited page

Blass, F. and A. Debrunner. Grammatica del greco del Nuovo Testamento. Edited by F. Rehkoph, translated by G. Pisi, Paideia, 1982.

Citations (in-text)

(Blass and Debrunner 40)

APA - see hint above, if a quotation is involved - 7.02

Reference Page

Blass, F., & Debrunner, A. (1982). Grammatica del greco Nuovo Testamento. F. Rehkoph (Ed.). (G. Pisi, Tran.). Brescia: Paideia.

Citations (in-text)

(Blass, 1982)

SBL - 7.2.10

Reference Page

Blass, F., and A. Debrunner. Grammatica del greco del Nuovo Testamento. Edited by F. Rehkopf. Translated by G. Pisi. Brescia: Paideia, 1982.

First Citation (footnote)

3 F. Blass and A. Debrunner. Grammatica del greco del Nuovo Testamento (ed. F. Rehkopf; trans. G. Pisi; Brescia: Paideia, 1982), 40.

Other Citations (footnote)

18 Blass, Grammatica, 42.

Editions

MLA 8th edition

Works Cited page

Pritchard, James B., editor. Ancient Near Eastern Texts Relating to the Old Testament. 3rd ed., Princeton UP, 1969.

Citations (in-text)

(Ancient Near Eastern Texts xxi)

APA - see hint above, if a quotation is involved - 7.02

Reference Page

Pritchard, J. B. (Ed.). (1969). Ancient Near Eastern texts relating to the Old Testament. (3rd ed.). Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Citations (in-text)

(Ancient Near Eastern, 1969)

SBL - 7.2.15

Reference Page

Pritchard, James B., ed. Ancient Near Eastern Texts Relating to the Old Testament. 3d ed. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1969.

First Citation (footnote)

87 James B. Pritchard, ed., Ancient Near Eastern Texts Relating to the Old Testament (3d ed.; Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1969), xxi.

Other Citations (footnote)

110 Pritchard, Ancient, 123.

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